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Sundanese lessons (Basa Sunda)

Sundanese lessons (Basa Sunda)

Postby unzum on 2009-08-02, 1:27

I just recently found a Japanese course for learning Sundanese (スンダ語を勉強しましょう!), with several lessons. As English material for learning Sundanese is non-existant on the internet, and as the lessons seem to be fairly simple, I thought I'd translate a few for anyone interested.
Just a note, I've never studied Sundanese or Indonesian so I won't be able to help with any questions, all I'm doing is translating the Japanese (try the Phrasebase forum if you have any questions).

1. About Sundanese
From 60 years ago until the current time, before Indonesia achieved independence, Indonesian was not a common language in the community, and the language used differed according to its people. People living in Java spoke Javanese, people living in Sumatra spoke Minangkabau, people living in Bali spoke Balinese and people living in Bandung in West Java continued to use Sundanese. The language that Indonesian children study at school is Indonesian but even now, people living in West Java speak the community language Sundanese. There are 27 million of these speakers.

First of all, about the Sundanese language, there are a few similarities with Japanese. That is, the language can be split into polite and everyday expressions.
The 3 politeness levels are, in order of politness, from most to least:
"Bahasa Halus (Lemes)"
"Bahasa Sedeng"
"Bahasa Kasar"
For example, the word 'I', according to the speaker and the situation, can be said as "Pun", "Abdi" and "Urang". Another one, "Aing" is used when talking to children, and when talking with close friends.

2. Well then, let's study Sundanese!

I have written these conversations and texts for people studying Sundanese for the first time. Lastly, I have also included vocabulary lists for learning basic Sundanese. If you learn everything and use it in real life, you can make friends with people living in Bandung. Good luck and study hard.
Last edited by unzum on 2009-08-02, 2:02, edited 1 time in total.
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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3. First of all, let's introduce ourselves

Postby unzum on 2009-08-02, 1:40

Note on Sundanese phonology
Wikipedia has a small section on Sundanese phonology, to hear the different IPA sounds, go here.
I'm not aware of the exact pronunciation rules used in this course, but you should be fine using the above guides. Also, it seems that adding a 'h' to the end of words lengthens the previous vowel.

3. First of all, let's introduce ourselves

Dialogue
Umi: Wilujeung siang.
Sarsu: Wilujeung siang. Namina saha?
Umi: Nami sabdi Umi.
Sarsu: Nami abdi Sarsu.
Umi: Namina sae pisan.
Sarsu: Hatur nuhun. Ti ngawitan ayeuna urang sauyunan.
Umi: Muhun. Enjing urang tepang deui.

Umi: Hello, nice to meet you.
Sarsu: Hello, what's your name?
Umi: My name is Umi.
Sarsu: My name is Sarsu.
Umi: That's a cute name.
Sarsu: Thank you. From now on, let's be friends.
Umi: Yes. Let's meet again tomorrow.

Vocabulary from dialogue
enjing - morning
siang - day, midday
wengi - night
abdi - I, me
anjeung - you
saha - who
sae - cute
pisan - very
ti - from
ayeuna - now
urang - we
sauyunan - let's be friends
deui - also

Extra Vocabulary
Wilujeung enjing - Good morning
Wilujeung siang - Hello, Good day
Wilujeung wengi - Good evening
Mangga dikantun - Good bye
Muhun - Yes
Henteu - No
Kawitna ti manti - Where do you come from?
Bumina di mana - Where do you live?
Upami ieu naon - What is this?
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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4. Let's try requests at school

Postby unzum on 2009-08-02, 1:45

4. Let's try requests at school

Dialogue
Naoki: Punten.
Guru: Mangga, aya naon?
Naoki: Jam kahiji kadua diajar naon?
Guru: Palajaran IPS. Dinten ieu diajar di luar.
Naoki: Kedah nyandak naon?
Guru: Buku, topi, tempat cai.
Naoki: Muhun ngartos. Hatur nuhun. Mangga.

Naoki: Excuse me.
Teacher: Yes, what is it?
Naoki: For the first and second class what study will we be doing?
Teacher: We'll be doing Sociology study. Today we'll be studying outside.
Naoki: What do we have to bring?
Teacher: A notebook, hat and water bottle.
Naoki: I understand. Thank you. Excuse me.

Vocabulary from dialogue
naon - what
kedah - have to~
nyandak - bring (and go)
cai - water

Extra vocabulary
Hapunten - Sorry
Punten - Excuse me (as an opening)
Hatur nuhun - Excuse me, sorry
Sawangsula - You're welcome
Mangga - You're welcome
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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Posts: 119
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Location: GB United Kingdom, none

5. Let's study conversations for shopping

Postby unzum on 2009-08-02, 1:50

5. Let's study conversations for shopping

Dialogue
Palayan: Wilujeng sumping...
Hikaru: Tiasa ningal daftur tuangeun.
Palayan: Mangga.
Hikaru: Nyuhunkeun tempe hiji.
Palayan: Mangga.

Waiter: Welcome.
Hikaru: Please show me the menu.
Waiter: Yes, here you go.
Hikaru: 1 serving of tempura please.
Waiter: Okay.

Vocabulary from dialogue
tiasa - to be able to, can
ningal - to see
tuang - to eat

Numbers
1 hiji
2 dua
3 tilu
4 opat
5 lima
6 genep
7 tujuh
8 dalapan
9 salapan
10 sapuluh

Extra vocabulary
sato - animal
kitab - book
ayun-ayunan - swing
sapeda roda hiji - unicycle
sepak bola - soccer, football (English)
kasti - baseball
sapeda - bicycle
tenis - tennis
Last edited by unzum on 2009-08-02, 1:57, edited 2 times in total.
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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Posts: 119
Joined: 2008-02-11, 18:02
Location: GB United Kingdom, none

6. When you don't understand something

Postby unzum on 2009-08-02, 1:56

6. When you don't understand something

Dialogue
Adi: Akang aya nu henteu kahartos.
Akang: Naon.
Adi: Ieu seratan diaos naon?
Akang: Oh ... eta, diaosna wilujeung.
Adi: Hatur nuhun akang.

Younger brother: Big brother, there's something I don't understand.
Older brother: What is it?
Younger brother: How do you read this sentence?
Older brother: Oh, that's said "wilujeung".
Younger brother: Thank you big brother.

Vocabulary from dialogue
akang - big brother
aya - is, are
nu - thing
henteu - is not, are not
kahartos - to understand
ieu - that
seratan - literature, sentence
oh, eta - oh, really; oh, is that so?

Extra vocabulary
Teu ngartos - I don't understand
Teu nananon - Don't worry
Sakedap deui - Just a bit more
Antosan sakedap - Wait a second
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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Posts: 119
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Location: GB United Kingdom, none

7. It's okay to; you're allowed to

Postby unzum on 2009-08-02, 2:02

7. It's okay to~; You're allowed to~

Dialogue
Deni: Bapa teu acan tuang sian?
Bapak: Emam siang parastos di sayogikeun.
Deni: Tiasa tuang ayeuna.
Bapak: Mangga di emam.
Deni: Ieu sayur bau haseum.
Bapak: Tapi kedah di emam sadayana.

Deni: Father, can't I eat lunch yet?
Father: Lunch is already ready.
Deni: Can I eat?
Father: You can eat.
Deni: This vegetable smells yucky.
Father: But you have to eat it all!

Vocabulary from dialogue
acah - not yet, still not
emam - food
tos - already
sayogikeun - ready
haseum - sour
kedah - have to~
sadayana - all, everything

Extra vocabulary
Teu kenging - Must not
Ditampi - (said before eating)
Alhamdulillah - (said after eating)
Hoyong nu ieu - This please
Kumaha damang? - Are you okay?; How are you?
Wengi kamari seuer teuing ameng kacapean - Last night I played too much and got tired
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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Posts: 119
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Location: GB United Kingdom, none

8. Time expressions 1

Postby unzum on 2009-08-03, 14:54

8. Time expressions 1

Dialogue
Naokii: Wilujeung siang. Pak Ade.
Ade: Wilujeung siang, kamari nuju naon?
Naokii: Abdi mah nongton TV, ari pak ade nongton henteu?
Ade: Henteu, abdi mah henteu nongton TV.
Naokii: Tabuh sabaraha ayeuna?
Ade: Tabuh tuju wengi.
Naokii: Oh, muhun, hatur nuhun.
Ade: Tos wengi, ah, abdi bade uih heula.
Naokii: Mangga dikantun.
Ade: Muhun mangga wilujeung.

Naokii: Hello, Mr/Ms Ade
Ade: Hello, what did you do yesterday?
Naokii: I watched TV. Did you watch it (TV)?
Ade: No. I'm not watching it (haven't seen it).
Naokii: What time is it now?
Ade: It's 7 o'clock.
Naokii: Really?
Ade: It's already late so I'm going home.
Naokii: Well, good bye.
Ade: Good bye.

Vocabulary from dialogue
kamari - yesterday
nuju - am doing, are doing, is doing
ari - let's~
mah - isn't it?; right? (friendly suffix, similar to Japanese ね)
tabuh - time
bade - want to
uih - to return, go home
heula - isn't it?; right? (friendly suffix, similar to Japanese ね)
dekantum - after you; good bye
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
User avatar
unzum
 
Posts: 119
Joined: 2008-02-11, 18:02
Location: GB United Kingdom, none

9. Time expressions 2

Postby unzum on 2009-08-03, 14:57

9. Time expressions 2

Dialogue
Adi: Aa, tabuh sabaraha ayeuna?
Akang: Tabuh dua-belas siang.
Adi: Oh, muhun, abdi bade balanja heula.
Akang: Ati ati dijalan nya!
Adi: Abudi nembean balanja nyalira.

Younger brother: What's the time now, big brother?
Older brother: It's 12 o'clock.
Younger brother: Oh okay. I'm going to go shopping.
Older brother: Take care!
Younger brother: I'm going to go shopping for the first time on my own.

Vocabulary from dialogue
balanja - shopping
ati ati - take care!
nembean - for the first time
nyalira - alone; on one's own
Last edited by unzum on 2009-09-06, 18:38, edited 1 time in total.
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
User avatar
unzum
 
Posts: 119
Joined: 2008-02-11, 18:02
Location: GB United Kingdom, none

10. Time expressions 3

Postby unzum on 2009-08-03, 15:01

10. Time expressions 3

Dialogue
Hikaru: Wilujeung wengi teh Fani.
Fani: Wilujeung wengi Hikaru! Kumaha damang?
Hikaru: Muhun, allhamdulillah sehat... Teh Fani kumaha damang?
Fani: Oh, sehat atuh!
Hikaru: Tabuh sabaraha kamari kulem teh?
Fani: Abdi mah tabuh satengah sapuluh wengi, ari Hikaru tabuh sabarah kulem?
Hikaru: Abdi mah tabuh dua belas wengi.
Fani: Hikaru mah mani wengi pisan kuleum teh.

Hikaru: Good evening Mr/Ms Fani.
Fani: Good evening Hikaru. Are you well?
Hikaru: Yes, I'm fine. How about you Mr/Ms Fani?
Fani: I'm fine of course.
Hikaru: What time did you go to bed last night?
Fani: Half nine. How about you Hikaru?
Hikaru: 12 o'clock.
Fani: Hikaru's bedtime is late.

Vocabulary from dialogue
bobo/kulem - to go to bed
gugah - to get up/wake up
atuh - (sentence ending particle indicating emphasis, similar to Japanese よ)
kuleum - to go to bed
mani very
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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Posts: 119
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Location: GB United Kingdom, none

11. It's a secret

Postby unzum on 2009-08-03, 15:07

11. It's a secret

Dialogue
Umi: Wilujeung kulem teh Ummi.
Ema: Muhun wilujeung kuleum.
Umi: Enjing bade sarapan naon?
Ema: Ah, itu mah rahasia.
Umi: Nya atos atuh wilujeung kuleum.

Umi: Goodnight mummy.
Mother: Goodnight.
Umi: What are we eating for tomorrow's breakfast?
Mother: That's a secret.
Umi: Goodnight.

Vocabulary from dialogue
sarapan- - breakfast
atos - already

Extra vocabulary
sangu - food, rice
ema/indung - mother
bapak - father
teteh - older sister
aa - older brother
jalemi - people, person
Last edited by unzum on 2009-09-06, 17:37, edited 1 time in total.
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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Location: GB United Kingdom, none

Re: Sundanese lessons (Basa Sunda)

Postby ''' on 2009-08-04, 1:38

um, what language is this exactly? Sudan is an African country which speaks arabic and english, and a wiki search for sudanese brings up well, Sudan.
23/♂/hetero/Hu/★☭/PRESCRIPTIVIST
[flag]en[/flag][flag]hu[/flag] - native
[flag]de[/flag][flag]fr[/flag][flag]fa[/flag] - intermediate
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Re: Sundanese lessons (Basa Sunda)

Postby unzum on 2009-08-04, 2:14

''' wrote:um, what language is this exactly? Sudan is an African country which speaks arabic and english, and a wiki search for sudanese brings up well, Sudan.


It's Sundanese with an 'n', an Austronesian language of Indonesia, but it's easy to mix up with Sudanese Arabic. No relation between the two though, except for having annoyingly similar names. ;)
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
User avatar
unzum
 
Posts: 119
Joined: 2008-02-11, 18:02
Location: GB United Kingdom, none

12. Please say that again

Postby unzum on 2009-09-06, 18:08

12. Please say it again

Dialogue
Mitsuhiro: Punten nyuhunkeun mie samangkok
Palayan: Hoyong anu mana? Cobi diulang sakali deui.
Mitsuhiro: Anu itu.
Palayan: Oh, muhun antosan sakeudap.
Mitsuhiro: Muhun mangga.

Mitsuhiro: One bowl of ramen please.
Waiter: Which ramen? Please say that again.
Mitsuhiro: That ramen.
Waiter: Oh ok. Please wait a minute.
Mitsuhiro: Ok.

Vocabulary from dialogue
nyuhunkeun - please
anu - that

Extra vocabulary
hoyong/hayang - want to~
raos/ngenah - delicious
awis - expensive
mirah - cheap
tuang - to eat
ngaleueut/eueut - to drink
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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unzum
 
Posts: 119
Joined: 2008-02-11, 18:02
Location: GB United Kingdom, none

13. Which...?

Postby unzum on 2009-09-06, 18:18

13. Which ... is it?

Dialogue
Umi: Punteun Nyuhunkeun jus.
Palayan: Muhun, Hoyong nu mana?
Umi: Hoyong jus apel.
Palayan: Muhun mangga.
Umi: Mani raos, nuhun pisan.
Palayan: Dongkap deui kadieu nya.

Umi: Juice please.
Waiter: Ok. Which juice?
Umi: Apple juice please.
Waiter: Ok, understood.
Umi: That was delicious. Thank you.
Waiter: Please come again.

Vocabulary from dialogue
dongkap - to come
deui - One more time
ka - to (direction, to somewhere)
deui - here

Extra vocabulary
udang - prawn
lauk - fish
kerang - shellfish
bubuahan - fruit
roti - bread
saledri - celery
sayur - vegetable
leueuteun - a drink
Last edited by unzum on 2009-09-06, 18:38, edited 1 time in total.
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
User avatar
unzum
 
Posts: 119
Joined: 2008-02-11, 18:02
Location: GB United Kingdom, none

14. Let's...

Postby unzum on 2009-09-06, 18:33

14. Let's...

Dialogue
Umi: Wilujeung siang kansu.
Kansu: Ah, tos lami teu pendak nya?
Umi: Kumaha damang?
Kansu: Muhun, allhamdulilah sehat!
Umi: Bade angkat balanja bu?
Kansu: Oh, muhun.
Umi: Oh, upami kitu mah urang sareng atuh.

Umi: Hello Kansu.
Kansu: Oh, long time no see.
Umi: How have you been?
Kansu: Okay.
Umi: Are you going shopping now?
Kansu: Yes.
Umi: Well, let's go together.

Vocabulary from dialogue
lami - long
pendak - to meet
angkat - to go
upami - if
kitu - like this
urang - we
sareng - together

Extra vocabulary
luhur - up/above
handap - down/below
katuhu - right
kenca - left
gawe - work
sakola - school
kebon - park
hujan - rain
caang - clear weather
lananah - plaza
warna - colour
ameng - to play
atoh - fun
resep - to like
ngewa - to hate
ningali - to look, see
candak - to take
cai - water
Learning: [flag]ja[/flag] [flag]zh.Hans[/flag] [flag]yue.Hant[/flag] (hiatus)
Some day: [flag]ko[/flag] [flag]mn[/flag] [flag]vi[/flag] [flag]km[/flag] [flag]de[/flag] [flag]ms[/flag] [flag]bn[/flag]
Abandoned: [flag]fr[/flag]
Translations: Balinese lessons & Sundanese lessons
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unzum
 
Posts: 119
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Location: GB United Kingdom, none

Re: Sundanese lessons (Basa Sunda)

Postby rama.ahsana on 2010-07-04, 19:36

Hai, nepangkeun abdi Rama.
Abdi asli urang sunda.
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Re: Sundanese lessons (Basa Sunda)

Postby MeMayaMe on 2010-07-09, 12:28

Hi there... :)

I just registered and lurking around here and stranded in your thread about Sundanese Language.
I am a native Sundanese and I am so impressed by you by posting this thread. I would like to share with all people who wants to learn Sundanese Language (maybe we also can be a conversations partners? ) but sometimes I find a difficulties when I am communicating my native language (Sundanese) to my conversations partners because my English is bad :D
I have one good conversations partner for Sundanese Language currently and may I share him this thread ?
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